Core international crimes:

Crime of Aggression

Crimes Against Humanity

Genocide

War Crimes



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Domestic Legislation | Resources and Links





Domestic legislation for serious crimes under international law

Crimes

Crime of Aggression

No provision

Crimes Against Humanity

No provision

Genocide

  • The Genocide Act of Zimbabwe. [Chapter 9:20 - Act 9/2000]

    War Crimes

  • Anti-Personnel Mines (Prohibition) Act, 2000. [Chapter 11:19]. (Acts 17/2000, 22/2000, 14/2002)

  • Chemical Weapons (Prohibition) Act, 1998. [Chapter 11:18]. (Acts 9/1998, 22/2001)

  • Geneva Conventions Amendment Act, 1996. (Act. No. 22, 1997). [Chapter 11:06]

  • Geneva Conventions Act, 1981. (Act No. 36, 1981). [Chapter 11:06].

  • Zimbabwe Red Cross Society Act, 1981. [Chapter 17:08]. (Act 30/1981)

    War Victims:

  • War Victims Compensation Act, 1980. [Chapter 11:16]. [Acts 22/1980, 31/1983 (s. 25), 33/1984 (s. 8) , 24/1987 (s. 15), 13/1988, 18/1989 (s.30), 20/1994, 12/1997, 6/2000, 22/2001; S.Is. 241/1982 (s. 7), 174/1984]

  • Pensions Review Act. [Chapter 16:03]. [Acts 73/1971, 11/1972 (s. 5), 14/1973 (s. 50), 4/1974 (Part III), 17/1979 (s. 14), 22/1980 (s. 37), 29/1981 (s. 59), 31/1983 (s. 16), 30/1987 (s. 12), 2/2003; S.I's 697/1979, 308/1980]

  • Income Tax Act. [Chapter 23:06]. [Acts 5/1967, 35/1967, 30/1968, 36/1969 (s. 10), 39/1969, 32/1970, 2/1971, 41/1971, 20/1972, 57/1972 (s. 34), 8/1973 (Part II), 21/1973, 23/1974, 32/1975, 38/1976, 16/1977, 27/1977, 12/1978, 23/1978, 35/1978, 22/1979, 1/1980, 11/1980, 10/1981, 15/1981, 29/1981, 55/1981, 30/1982, 32/1983, 7/1984, 24/1984, 19/1985, 12/1986, 20/1986, 17/1987, 30/1987, 4/1988, 8/1988, 16/1988, 22/1989, 10/1990, 19/1990, 21/1991, 17/1992, 12/1993, 19/1994, 4/1995, 17/1995, 23/1995, 4/1996 (modified by SI 94/1996), 10/1996 (modified by SI 94/1996), 13/1996, 17/1997, 23/1997, 29/1998, 9/1999, 14/1999, 17/1999, 21/1999, 22/1999, 6/2000, 18/2000, 22/2001, 27/2001, 15/2002, 10/2003.
    R.G.N.s 217/1970, 50/1971, 57/1971, 387/1971. S.I. 14/2004.] [EDITION IN PROGRESS]

    Amnesties:

  • Amnesty (General Pardon) Act. [Chapter 9:03]. (Ord. 12/1980)

  • Amnesty Act. [Chapter 9:02]. (Ord. 3/1979)

    Jurisdiction

    Section 3 (1) of the Geneva Conventions Act of Zimbabwe states:

      "3 Grave breaches of scheduled Conventions
      (1) Any person, whatever his nationality, who, whether in or outside Zimbabwe, commits any s grave breach of a scheduled Convention or the First Protocol as is referred to inó
        (a) article 50 of the Convention set out in the First Schedule; or
        (b) article 51 of the Convention set out in the Second Schedule; or
        (c) article 130 of the Convention set out in the Third Schedule; or
        (d) article 147 of the Convention set out in the Fourth Schedule; or
        (e) paragraph 4 of article 11 or paragraph 2, 3 or 4 of article 85 of the First Protocol; shall be guilty of an offence."
    Section 5 of the Criminal Law (Codification And Reform) Act [Act 23/2004, Chapter 9:23], states:
      "5 Territoriality of crimes
      (1) A person may be tried, convicted and punished for a crime, whether in terms of this Code or any other enactment, where the crime or an essential element of the crime was--
        (a) committed wholly inside Zimbabwe; or
        (b) committed partly outside Zimbabwe, if the conduct that completed the crime took place inside Zimbabwe; or
        (c) committed wholly or partly outside Zimbabwe, if the crime--
          (i) is a crime against public security in Zimbabwe or against the safety of the State of Zimbabwe; or
          (ii) is a crime which--
            A. has produced a harmful effect in Zimbabwe; or
            B. was intended to produce a harmful effect in Zimbabwe; or
            C. was committed with the realisation that there was a real risk or possibility that it might produce a harmful effect in Zimbabwe.
      (2) This section does not limit the effect of any enactment which--
        (a) regulates the territorial jurisdiction of any court; or
        (b) makes special provision for the trial, conviction or punishment of particular extraterritorial crimes."
    See:

  • Geneva Conventions Act No. 36, 1981. [Chapter 11:06]. (Acts 36/1981, 22/1997, 22/2001. Section)

    International Criminal Court

    Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: The Republic of Zimbabwe signed the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court on 17 July 1998. The Republic of Zimbabwe is not a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

  • Resources and Links

  • The Constitution of Zimbabwe. Amendment (No. 20) Act 2013
    Parliament of Zimbabwe. [ENG]. [Last accessed 13Mar17] [External Link to pdf document]

  • The Constitution of Zimbabwe.
    Comparative Constitutions Project at the University of Texas at Austin. [ENG]. [Last accessed 13Mar17] [External Link to pdf document]

  • Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act. [Chapter 9:23] (No. 23/2004)
    NatLex, International Labour Organization (ILO). [ENG]. [Last accessed 13Mar17] [External Link]

  • Criminal Matters (Mutual Assistance) Act. [Chapter 9:06]. [Acts 13/1990, 12/1997 (s 5), 22/2001]
    Parliament of Zimbabwe. [ENG]. [Last accessed 13Mar17] [External Link]

  • Extradition Act. [Chapter 9:08]. [Acts 6/1982, 4/1990, 23/1990, 9/1997 (s. 10).]
    Parliament of Zimbabwe. [ENG]. [Last accessed 13Mar17] [External Link]

  • Search Acts
    Parliament of Zimbabwe. [ENG]. [Last accessed 13Mar17] [External Link]

  • Search Bills
    Parliament of Zimbabwe. [ENG]. [Last accessed 13Mar17] [External Link]

  • Guide to Law Online: Zimbabwe. Law Library of Congress.
    [ENG]. [Last accessed 13Mar17] [External Link]

  • Zimbabwe: National Implementation of IHL
    International Committee of the Red Cross. [ENG]. [Last accessed 13Mar17] [External Link]

  • List of International Humanitarian Law Treaties to which Zimbabwe is a State party
    (International Committee of the Red Cross). [ENG]. [Last accessed 13Mar17]. [External Link]