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Greek PM demands EU stop 'unilateral actions' as tension flare
Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras lambasted European partners on Wednesday for criticizing a new anti-poverty law hours before it is voted on, saying it was the euro zone rather than Athens that must stop "unilateral actions" and keep its word.
Tsipras's impassioned speech to parliament as it prepared to vote on his government's first bill marked the latest escalation in a war of words between Athens and its creditors that has raised the risk of a Greek bankruptcy and euro zone exit.
Tensions already simmering for weeks over Athens flip-flopping on the terms of a bailout extension agreed last month flared again on Wednesday after an EU official wrote to Athens urging more talks with lenders on the bill before the vote.
The letter told Tsipras's leftist government to hold further talks with the EU on the bill or risk "proceeding unilaterally" against the terms of a Feb. 20 accord that extended the bailout and staved off a Greek banking collapse.
European Economics Commissioner Pierre Moscovici denied the EU was trying to stop Athens from passing the law but that the official had been correct to remind the Greek government to consult with lenders first.
"The European Union as a whole wants Greece in the eurozone. We are firmly committed to that," Moscovici told a news conference, saying the February deal must be respected. "Greece must stay in the euro zone... but at these conditions."
An indignant Tsipras defended the so-called "humanitarian crisis" law - which offers food stamps and free electricity to the poor - as the first bill in five years drawn up in Athens rather than ordered by EU technocrats.
"If they're doing it to frighten us, the answer is: we will not be frightened," Tsipras told parliament. "The Greek government is determined to stick to the Feb. 20 agreement. However, we demand the same from our partners. Let them stop unilateral actions, respecting the agreement they signed."
The bill was approved in principle by lawmakers before a formal vote later on Wednesday, when it is expected to pass by a wide margin with opposition support as well.
Lawmakers from the governing Syriza party said that the remarks by the head of EU delegation to Greece Declan Costello were "an intervention in the legislative process that is an insult to all of us," in a letter of complaint read out in parliament.
Tsipras, who is hoping for a political solution to Greece's cash crunch and has sought a meeting with top EU leaders on the margins of an EU summit starting Thursday, continued his attack against "EU technocrats" over the letter.
"The behavior of some, not all, of our partners and especially some of the technocrats and technocrat teams only confirms the arguments of the Greek side," Tsipras said.
"What else can one say to those who have the audacity to say that dealing with a humanitarian crisis is a unilateral action?"
The latest comments come as Greece risks running out of cash in weeks amid a widening rift with its creditors. Technical teams from Greece and its international lenders started talks last week to try to agree details of reforms, but have made little progress so far.
"We have the impression, and everyone who is dealing with the question shares the impression, that time is running out for Greece. They obviously have certain problems," German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble, said in Berlin, noting that Athens was refusing a third bailout package.
Shut out of debt markets and with financial aid frozen by irate lenders, Athens needs to quickly find a new source of funding. Tsipras will raise the funding problem in talks with EU leaders at this week's summit, his government said.
The Greek prime minister has asked for a meeting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Francois Hollande, European Central Bank chief Mario Draghi and European Commission head Jean-Claude Juncker at the summit.
In a small boost for the government, Greece sold 1.3 billion euros ($1.38 billion) of three-month Treasury bills on Wednesday in its third successful auction this month. The sum covered the amount it sought to raise to refinance a maturing issue.
France appealed for restraint on all sides to avoid accidentally triggering a Greek euro zone exit.
"France will be do everything it can to avoid an accident and I believe that what we will do will avoid it," French Finance Minister Michel Sapin told lawmakers. "But no one can be categorical on this and this is why, on both sides, people must control their language."
[Source: By Costas Pitas and Caroline Copley, Reuters, Athen and Berlin, 18Mar15]
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