U.S. puts off decision on cutting aid to Honduras
The United States will put off deciding whether to cut off aid to Honduras until next week, allowing time for a negotiated solution that it hopes will reverse Sunday's coup against President Manuel Zelaya, a U.S. official said on Wednesday.
Mindful of its history of intervention in Latin America and, at times, of backing coups, Washington is trying to play a limited, behind-the-scenes role to show support for democracy and for Zelaya' restoration without being accused of meddling.
Washington believes it was "wise" of Zelaya to postpone his planned return on Thursday to the Central American country, the official said.
Zelaya, in office since 2006 and due to step down next year, was ousted in a dawn coup on Sunday after he angered the Honduran judiciary, Congress and the army by his push to extend presidential mandates beyond a single four-year term.
The Organization of American States gave Honduras an ultimatum early on Wednesday to allow Zelaya back into office by this weekend or face suspension from the hemispheric group.
The 34-member group gave its secretary-general, Jose Miguel Insulza, a mandate to head diplomatic efforts to restore democracy and to reinstate Zelaya, a leading role that the U.S. officials hope may limit their own involvement.
"We will wait until the secretary-general has finished his diplomatic initiative and reports back ... on July 6 before we take any further action in relationship to assistance," a senior Obama administration official told reporters.
"We think that President Zelaya's decision to postpone his earlier decision to return to Honduras on Thursday was a wise one," the official added, saying it was important to give the OAS time to craft a solution so Zelaya can return peacefully.
'Stress Test' For U.S. on Democracy?
The Honduran interim government on Wednesday took a hard line, saying there was "no chance at all" of Zelaya returning to office. U.S. officials feared that if Zelaya flew home this week it could spark a confrontation and possibly violence.
Experts on Latin America said the coup had quickly become a "stress test" for the U.S. government's commitment to defending democracy in Latin America.
"The Obama administration is anxious to be seen to be on the right side of this issue, despite the fact that the coup against Zelaya was provoked by concerns that he was recklessly undermining democratic safeguards in Honduras," said Dan Erikson, of the Inter-American Dialogue.
"Unfortunately, Zelaya is an awkward poster child for democracy in Latin America, given his tenuous respect for the rule of law in recent weeks," Erikson said.
Washington will soon face a decision on cutting off aid to Honduras. By law, no U.S. aid -- other than for the promotion of democracy -- may be given to a nation "whose duly elected head of government is deposed by military coup or decree."
Two U.S. officials said the legal determination of this was complex despite the fact that Zelaya was grabbed by the military and put on a plane to Costa Rica in his pajamas.
"The military moved against the president. They removed him from his home and they expelled him from the country. So the military participated in a coup," said a senior U.S. official.
"However, the transfer of leadership was not a military action. The transfer of leadership was done by the Honduran Congress and therefore the coup, while it had a military component ... is a larger event," he added.
[Source: By Arshad Mohammed and Deborah Charles, Reuters, Washington, 01Jul09]
DDHH en Honduras
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