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'Low-Grade ' Nuclear Material Seized by Rebels in Iraq, U.N. Says

Iraq has notified the United Nations that Sunni militants seized nuclear material from a university in the northern city of Mosul last month as they advanced toward Baghdad, the nuclear regulatory body of the United Nations said on Thursday.

Gill Tudor, a spokeswoman for the International Atomic Energy Agency, which is based in Vienna, said in a statement that the organization's experts believed the material -- thought to be uranium -- was "low-grade and would not present a significant safety, security or nuclear proliferation risk."

Word of the seizure first emerged in a letter to the United Nations dated July 8 and seen by reporters from Reuters, which quoted it as saying that "terrorists" from the insurgent Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, known as ISIS, had taken control of the materials.

The letter said that almost 90 pounds of uranium compounds had been kept at the university and that the materials "can be used in manufacturing weapons of mass destruction," Reuters said.

The mention of such weapons has a resonance in Iraq where the American-led invasion of 2003 was justified in Washington and London by assertions that Saddam Hussein had acquired weapons of mass destruction. None were ever found by the invading forces.

In her statement on Thursday, Ms. Tudor said that the atomic energy agency "is aware of the notification from Iraq and is in contact to seek further details."

She said experts did not believe that the material could be fashioned into a weapon. "Nevertheless," the statement said, "any loss of regulatory control over nuclear and other radioactive materials is a cause for concern."

The statement was issued days after the Iraqi government acceded to the I.A.E.A.'s Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, on July 7. The convention initially entered into force in 1987 and was strengthened in 2005 to require its 150 signatories to "protect nuclear facilities and material in peaceful domestic use, storage and transport," a statement from the agency said.

"It also provides for expanded cooperation between and among states regarding rapid measures to locate and recover stolen or smuggled nuclear material, mitigate any radiological consequences of sabotage, and prevent and combat related offenses," the statement added.

Officials at the regulatory body did not immediately say how it was possible to redeem such promises in a land such as Iraq, where large areas are beyond government control and in the hands of insurgents.

In a letter to the secretary general, Ban Ki-moon, on July 8, Reuters reported, Iraq's ambassador to the United Nations wrote that "terrorist groups have seized control of nuclear material at the sites that came out of the control of the state" when the militants captured Mosul.

By Iraq's account, the uranium had been used for scientific research.

By calling it "low grade," the I.A.E.A. seemed to rule out any suggestion that the material was of the highly enriched kind needed to create a nuclear weapon. The uranium was unsuitable for use in a so-called "dirty bomb," in which using conventional explosives are used to spread radiation, Olli Heinonen, a former chief inspector for the agency, told Reuters.

[Source: By Alan Cowell, The New York Times, London, 10Jul14]

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War in Iraq
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