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13Apr18


U.S., French Warships Launch Attacks on Chemical Weapons Targets in Syria; U.K., French Fighters, U.S. Bombers Also Strike


U.S and French guided-missile warships and a U.S. nuclear attack submarine launched land attack missiles on targets in Syria suspected to be targets related to chemical weapons, Pentagon officials said on Saturday.

USNI News obtained video of Ticonderoga-class guided-missile cruiser USS Monterey (CG-61) launching Tomahawks land attack missiles from the Red Sea. Monterey and guided-missile destroyer USS Laboon (DDG-58) launched a combined 37 missiles from the Red Sea. Destroyer USS Higgins (DDG-76) fired 23 Tomahawks from the Persian Gulf.

Additionally, Virginia-class attack boat USS John Warner (SSN-785) launched six Tomahawks from the Eastern Mediterranean. USS Donald Cook (DDG-75) was operating in the region but did not fire weapons, according to Pentagon officials. The French Navy released footage of French frigate Languedoc (D-653) firing three of the naval variant of the SCALP land attack cruise missiles.

Two U.S. Air Force B-1B Lancer bombers, along with French Rafale and Mirage warplanes, and British Typhoon and Tornado fighters also participated in the strikes in the country. The B-1Bs were accompanied by U.S. fighters, a U.S. Marine Corps EA-6B Prowler electronic warfare aircraft and was supported by U.S tankers, according to press reports.

The strike was timed for all of the weapons to strike at about 4 A.M. local time on Saturday (9 P.M. EST on Friday). During a press briefing Saturday morning, Lt. Gen. Kenneth McKenzie, the director of the joint staff, said all missiles hit their targets within one minute of the designated strike time.

Three targets hit by U.S., British and French forces included the Barzah scientific research center located in the greater Damascus area and two locations near the city of Homs – one the Him Shinshar facility used to store chemical weapons and equipment and another Him Shinshar facility used as a chemical weapons command post.

"None of our aircraft or missiles, missiles involved in this operation were successfully engaged by Syrian air defenses and we have no indication that Russian air defense systems were deployed," McKenzie said.

The early morning strike time was selected to minimize the chance of civilian or Syrian military deaths, McKenzie said. The goal was to severely diminish the Syrian government's capability to produce and deploy chemical weapons. The three distinct targets all contained what McKenzie described as either chemical munitions or large, immovable equipment used to deploy or process these munitions.

"Last year we conducted a unilateral attack on a single site. This evening we conducted strikes on multiple sites with two allies," Secretary of Defense James Mattis said during a media briefing Friday night.

This was a significantly heavier strike than the one the U.S. conducted a year ago with almost 60 Tomahawks on the al-Shayrat Airfield, Mattis said, telling reporters "we used a little over double the weapons than what was used last year."

The three targets, which were selected to inflict damage on the Syrian chemical weapons program, because their locations minimized the chance for civilian injury, and to mitigate the risk of Russians being involved, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Joseph Dunford said at the press briefing.

U.S., French and British forces fired a total of 105 missiles at the facilities.

The Barzah facility was hit by 76 missiles, including 57 Tomahawk land attack cruise missiles and 19 AGM-158 Joint Air to Surface Standoff Missiles (JASSMs)

"They had three buildings there and a parking deck," McKenzie said.

"Now they don't."

The Him Shinsar chemical weapons storage facility hit by 22 weapons, including nine Tomahawk land attack missiles, eight Storm Shadow missiles, and three Naval cruise missile.

The Him Shinsar command facility was hit by seven air-launched French SCALP missiles.

Using normal deconfliction of airspace channels, the Russians were alerted to U.S. plans to use certain airspace over Syria, but they were not informed of the reason or the targets, McKenzie said.

"None of our aircraft or missiles involved in this operation were successfully engaged by Syrian air defenses and we have no indication that Russian air defense systems were deployed," McKenzie said "All aircraft returned to bases. We assess 40 surface to air missiles were launched by the Syrian regime and most of these were launched after the last impact of our strike was over."

The Syrian missiles fired after the strike posed a risk to civilians, McKenzie said, because they all appeared to be unguided, which means once fired, they Syrians did not have a means to control their course.

"When you shoot iron into the air without guidance, it's going to come down somewhere," McKenzie said.

While there had not been any sort of Syrian or Russian response, other than the initial firing unguided missiles by the Syrians, a Russian-led misinformation campaign has already started online, Pentagon spokeswoman Dan White said.

"The Russian disinformation campaign has already begun," White said.

"There's been a 2,000 percent increase in Russian trolls over the last 24 hours."

The strike was part of a coordinated U.S., U.K. and French retaliation action against an alleged chemical weapons attack by the Bashar al-Assad regime. The strike was announced by President Donald Trump on Friday.

"A short time ago I ordered the United States Armed Forces to launch precision strikes on targets associated with the chemical weapons capabilities of Syrian dictator Bashar al-Assad," Trump said.

"A combined operation with the armed forces of France and the United Kingdom is now underway. We are prepared to sustain this response until the Syrian regime stops its use of prohibited chemical agents. I also have a message tonight for the two governments most responsible for supporting, equipping and financing the criminal Assad regime. To Iran, and to Russia, I ask: What kind of a nation wants to be associated with the mass murder of innocent men, women and children?"

The British government released a statement following the strike, detailing its participation.

"The UK element of the carefully coordinated joint action was contributed by four Royal Air Force Tornado GR4s. They launched Storm Shadow missiles at a military facility - a former missile base - some fifteen miles west of Homs, where the regime is assessed to keep chemical weapon precursors stockpiled in breach of Syria's obligations under the Chemical Weapons Convention. Very careful scientific analysis was applied to determine where best to target the Storm Shadows to maximize the destruction of the stockpiled chemicals and to minimize any risks of contamination to the surrounding area. The facility which was struck is located some distance from any known concentrations of civilian habitation, reducing yet further any such risk."

[Source: By Sam LaGrone and Ben Werner, US Naval Institute News, Annapolis, 13Apr18]

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War in Syria
small logoThis document has been published on 17Apr18 by the Equipo Nizkor and Derechos Human Rights. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.