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Report: US-trained rebel officer in Syria defected and gave weapons to al-Qaida

US-trained rebels who recently returned to Syria have lost contact with one of their officers and are investigating reports that he defected and handed over his weapons to al-Qaida's branch in the country.

The allegations on Wednesday come only days after the group of about 70 fighters returned to Syria after training in Turkey as part of the US programme to train and equip rebels to take part in the fight against the Islamic State group.

If confirmed, defection among the ranks of US-trained rebels would be an embarrassment to the programme, which has already been criticised as too little too late and failing to provide enough protection for those trained rebels once inside Syria. The selected rebels are said to undergo a thorough vetting process to ensure they focus on the fight against Isis.

US officials have begun an overhaul of the efforts, including suggesting that the newly trained fighters operate as the New Syrian Forces alongside Syrian Kurds, Sunni Arab and other anti-Islamic State forces.

The US Central Command confirmed on Monday the graduates have re-entered Syria with their weapons and equipment and were to operate alongside existing western-allied forces.

Another previous batch of rebels trained by the US had previously been hit hard by their rival, al-Qaida's affiliate in Syria.

The first trained group, made up of 54 fighters, was wiped out by al-Qaida's affiliate, the Jabhat al-Nusra or the Nusra Front, soon after it returned to Syria in July. In the attack, several members of the group were killed and others taken hostage while many fighters fled. A US Central Command spokesman, air force colonel Patrick Ryder, said that those rebels largely disbanded - of the 54, one was killed; one is being held captive; nine are back in the fight; 11 are available but not in Syria; 14 returned to Syria but quit the US programme and 18 are unaccounted for.

The new allegations, pertaining to the second group of US-trained rebels, were first circulated on social media after the group returned to Syria last week. The US-based SITE intelligence group, which monitors militant websites, said supporters of the Nusra Front first reported that a group of those newly trained by America have handed over their weapons to the militants after they were arrested. The report made no mention of a defecting officer.

Other supporters of the Nusra Front posted pictures of what they said were weapons seized from the US-trained rebels.

In response to the allegations, the US-trained group, known as Division 30, posted a statement on its Facebook page saying it is investigating. If allegations are true, the group said, it will refer the officer in question to a military tribunal on charges of treason because the weapons "belong to the Syrian people". The group acknowledged losing contact with the officer but denied any contacts with al-Qaida's affiliate.

Adding to the confusion, the officer, identified by Division 30 as Anas Ibrahim Abu Zayed, posted a statement on his Facebook page saying he is no longer with Division 30 but works independently in the northern province of Aleppo. This suggested he was not working with al-Qaida's affiliate, though he did not specifically say so.

Abu Zayed said he would not coordinate with the international coalition but continue to fight Isis and the Syrian government forces on his own.

Earlier in the conflict, Abu Zayed was a member of another US-backed rebel group known as Hazm, which was crushed late last year by the Nusra Front in a battle in Idlib province, in northern Syria.

The US-trained rebels face significant challenges - from minuscule numbers in a war that has a myriad of competing armies, to social media postings that have described them as "dogs of America" and a media campaign that has tainted the group's name even before they returned to Syria. Other rebels have derided them for agreeing to focus their fight on Isis, away from the Syrian president, Bashar Assad, whom they consider the main target of their rebellion.

The head of the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, Rami Abdurrahman, said the US-trained rebels are so few and so ill-equipped that they have not shown to be relevant.

"So far, they have made no impact on the ground," he said. "If they [Americans] want to train some, they must first train them on human rights issues and democracy before military training."

[Source: The Guardian, Ap, Beirut, 23Sep15]

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small logoThis document has been published on 24Sep15 by the Equipo Nizkor and Derechos Human Rights. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.