Core international crimes:

Crime of Aggression

Crimes Against Humanity

Genocide

War Crimes



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Domestic Legislation | Resources and Links





Domestic legislation for serious crimes under international law

Crimes

Crime of Aggression

No provision.

Crimes Against Humanity

➤ Crimes against Humanity are defined in Title II, Chapter I ("On the Crime of Genocide, War Crimes, Crimes against Humanity and the Crime of Apartheid"), Sections 3 and 4, Articles 149-154 of the Criminal Code of the Togolese Republic of 24 November 2015 (in force since 25 November 2015). See:

  • Loi N 2015-010 du 24 novembre 2015 portant nouveau code pénal. (Extrait)
    Journal Officiel de la République togolaise, 60e année, N 30, Numéro spécial, Lomé, 24 novembre 2015. [FRA]
    [Full text of the Criminal Code of the Togolese Republic available under the "Resources and Links" Section below]

    ➤ Additionally, the Togolese Republic ratified the Convention for the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearance (2006) on 21 July 2014. Article 5 of the said Convention stipulates:
      "The widespread or systematic practice of enforced disappearance constitutes a crime against humanity as defined in applicable international law and shall attract the consequences provided for under such applicable international law."
    Article 50 of the Togolese Constitution provides:
      "Article 50
      The rights and duties, stated in the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Man and in the international instruments relative to the Rights of Man, ratified by Togo, are an integral part of this Constitution."

    Genocide

    Genocide is included in Title II, Chapter I ("On the Crime of Genocide, War Crimes, Crimes against Humanity and the Crime of Apartheid"), Section 1, Articles 143 and 144 of the Criminal Code of the Togolese Republic of 24 November 2015 (in force since 25 November 2015). See:

  • Loi N 2015-010 du 24 novembre 2015 portant nouveau code pénal. (Extrait)
    Journal Officiel de la République togolaise, 60e année, N 30, Numéro spécial, Lomé, 24 novembre 2015. [FRA]
    [Full text of the Criminal Code of the Togolese Republic available under the "Resources and Links" Section below]

    War Crimes

    War crimes are included in Title II, Chapter I ("On the Crime of Genocide, War Crimes, Crimes against Humanity and the Crime of Apartheid"), Section 2, Articles 145-148 of the Criminal Code of the Togolese Republic of 24 November 2015 (in force since 25 November 2015). See:

  • Loi N 2015-010 du 24 novembre 2015 portant nouveau code pénal. (Extrait)
    Journal Officiel de la République togolaise, 60e année, N 30, Numéro spécial, Lomé, 24 novembre 2015. [FRA]
    [Full text of the Criminal Code of the Togolese Republic available under the "Resources and Links" Section below]

    In addition, Articles 560-565 of the Criminal Code are devoted to bacteriological and chemical weapons and Articles 649-653 to mercenarism.

    Other related documents:

  • Loi n 99-010 portant protection et utilisation de l'emblème de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge au Togo. (Law No. 99-010 on the protection and use of the Red Cross and Red Crescent emblems).
    Journal officiel de la République togolaise, 44e année, n 36, Lomé, 28 décembre 1999. [FRA]

  • Arrêté interministériel n 97-03 portant création et attributions de la Commission interministérielle de mise en oeuvre du droit international humanitaire. (Inter-ministerial Decree on the creation and functions of the Inter-ministerial Committee on the Implementation of International Humanitarian Law, 1997). [FRA]

    Jurisdiction and Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations

    Jurisdiction:

    Title I, Chapter 1, Section 2, Articles 6-10 of the Criminal Code of 24 November 2015 concerns the territorial application of the criminal law.

    Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations and other common provisions to crimes against humanity, genocide, war crimes and the crime of apartheid:

  • Article 155: Jurisdiction.
  • Article 156: Responsibility of public officials and members of the Government and Parliament.
  • Article 157: Command responsibility.
  • Article 158: Penalties (natural persons).
  • Article 159: Penalties (legal persons).
  • Article 160: Obedience to illegal orders.
  • Article 161: Exonerating circumstances.
  • Article 162: Participation in defensive operations.
  • Article 163: Penalties in the case of concurrent offences.
  • Articles 164: The crime of genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and the crime of apartheid are not subject to any statute of limitations.

    See:

  • Loi N 2015-010 du 24 novembre 2015 portant nouveau code pénal. (Extrait)
    Journal Officiel de la République togolaise, 60e année, N 30, Numéro spécial, Lomé, 24 novembre 2015. [FRA]
    [Full text of the Criminal Code of the Togolese Republic available under the "Resources and Links" Section below]


    International Criminal Court

    Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: The Togolese Republic is not a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

  • Resources and Links

  • Constitution of Togo. (1992, with Amendments through 2007).
    Comparative Constitutions Project, University of Texas at Austin. [ENG]. [Last accessed 28Nov17]. [External Link to pdf document]

  • Constitution togolaise. (La Constitution de la IVè Republique (Adoptée par Référendum le 27 septembre 1992. Promulguée le 14 octobre 1992. Révisée par la loi n2002-029 du 31 décembre 2002).
    Assemblée nationale du Togo. [FRA]. [Last accessed 29Nov17]. [External Link to pdf document]

  • Code pénal de la République Togolaise.
    Loi N 2015-010 du 24 novembre 2015, portant nouveau code pénal.
    Journal Officiel de la République Togolaise, 60è Anneée N 30, Numéro Spécial, 24 novembre 2015. [FRA]. [Last accessed 28Nov17]. [External Link to pdf file]

  • Code de Justice Militaire.
    Loi N 2016-008 du 21 avril 2016, portant nouveau code de justice militaire.
    Journal Officiel de la République Togolaise, 61è Anneée N 13, Numéro Spécial, 21 avril 2016. [FRA]. [Last accessed 29Nov17]. [External Link to pdf file]

  • Code de procédure pénal de la République Togolaise.
    Loi N 83-1 Instituant Code de Procédure Pénale.
    Journal Officiel de la République Togolaise, 28è Anneée N 9, Numéro Spécial, 03 mars 1983. [FRA]. [Last accessed 28Nov17]. [External Link to pdf file]

  • Journal Officiel de la République Togolaise : Lois et Reglements .
    République Togolaise. [FRA]. [Last accessed 28Nov17]. [External Link]

  • List of International Humanitarian Law Treaties to which Togo is a State party. [ENG]
    International Committee of the Red Cross. [ENG]. [Last accessed 28Nov17]. [External Link]