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After years of work and struggle, the promise of an International Criminal Court with jurisdiction to try genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity has become a reality. In 1998, the statute of the Court was approved in Rome and it has entered into force the first of July of 2002, when the required number of country ratifications was attained. The Court holds a promise of putting an end to the impunity that reigns today for human rights violators and bringing us a more just and more humane world.

To commemorate the entering into force of the Rome Statute of the ICC, the Nizkor Team has made available several basic documents on the Nuremberg Tribunal, which you may find on this page and on our Digital Library...the complete digital edition of the Nuremberg Judgment being of particular relevance among them.

Likewise, we have published a book both in Spanish and English, which contains a compilation of the statutes of the International Criminal Tribunals that have existed between 1945 and 2002, under the title: "Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Statutes of the International Criminal Tribunals from Nuremberg (1945) to Sierra Leone (2002). You may buy this book though our Online Bookshop from any where in the world.

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News on the ICC

Equipo Nizkor Books

"Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
Statutes of the International Criminal Tribunals from Nuremberg (1945) to Sierra Leone (2002)."


  • Updates to the 3rd. Edition, English.
    Madrid, November 11, 2002. ISBN 84-932717-1-3

  • Actualización correspondiente a la 2a. edición en español.
    Madrid, 11 de noviembre de 2002. ISBN 84-932717-0-5

  • Actualización correspondiente a la 1a. edición en español.
    Madrid, 1 de julio de 2002. ISBN 84-932717-0-5

  • Digital Index to the photographs of the first Spanish edition.

  • Documents

  • Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
  • Signatures & Ratifications
  • Finalized draft text of the Rules of Procedure and Evidence
  • Finalized draft text of the Elements of Crimes
  • ICC Documents
  • ICC Briefing Papers by LCHR

    Assembly of States Parties
    Fichero AudioUpdate on the works of the Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute of the ICC.
    Radio Nizkor with the collaboration of the Orville H. Schell, Jr. Center for International Human Rights at Yale Law School, 17sep04 (15m 22ss)

  • Report of the Credentials Committee
    Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute, ICC, 10sep04
  • Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute resumes first session and election of ICC judges begins.
    ICC - Division of Common Services, 03Feb03
  • Assembly of States Parties Documents
    The first session of the Assembly of States Parties took place from 3 - 10 September 2002, at United Nations Headquarters in New York.
  • First session of Assembly of States Parties to International Criminal Court concludes work.
    UN Press Release L/3014 - 10Sep02.
  • Address by Secretary-General Kofi Annan to the meeting of the Assembly of States Parties to the ICC.
    UN Press Release SG/SM/8372 - L/3015 - 10Sep02
  • Speech on behalf of the EU by Minister for Justice Lene Espersen at the first General Assembly of The International Criminal Court.
    Danish Presidency of the European Union, 09Sep02.
  • In first meeting, Assembly of States Parties approves financial, administrative arrangements.
    UN Press Release L/3012 - 03Sep02.
  • Assembly of States Parties adopts agreements to launch Court's operation: Way open for election of judges, prosecutor
    UN Press Release L/3013 - 09Sep02.

    Preparatory Works

  • Preparatory Commission for the International Criminal Court
    Codification Division, Office of Legal Affairs - UN WebSite
  • Preparatory Commission Documents
    Codification Division, Office of Legal Affairs - UN WebSite
  • Women's Caucus Report on the 10th and Final Session of the ICC Preparatory Commission.
    July 1-12, 2002
  • Open Letter to Delegates at the 9th Session of the ICC PrepCom Concerning the Nomination and Election of Judges.
    Women's Caucus for Gender Justice, April 2002.
  • Women's Caucus Report on the 8th Session of the ICC Preparatory Commission.
    24 September - 5 October 2001.,
  • Women's Caucus Report on the 7th Session of the ICC Preparatory Commission.
    26 February - 9 March 2001
  • Women's Caucus Report on the 6th Session of the ICC Preparatory Commission.
    November 27 to 8 December, 2000.
  • Women's Caucus' Summary of The First Week of The International Criminal Court 5th. Prepcom
    June 12 to 30, 2000.
  • Women's Caucus Report on the ICC Preparatory Commission held during November 29 - December 17, 1999.
  • Preparatory Committee Meeting July-August 1999
    Women's Caucus For Gender Justice
  • Preparatory Commission Meeting February-March 1999
    Women's Caucus For Gender Justice

    NGO Documents and Declarations

  • Declaration of The Hague
    The Civil Society of the Global South Supports the Establishment of an International Criminal Court

    Documents Prior to the Rome Conference

  • Draft Code of Crimes Against the Peace and Security of Mankind.
    Report of the International Law Commission on the work of its forty-eighth session, 6 May-26 July 1996. General Assembly Official Records - Fifty-first Session. Supplement No. 10 (A/51/10)
  • Updated Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.
    Consolidated version prepared by Equipo Nizkor. The current edition includes successive amendments up to 14 August 2002: SC Resolution 1165, 30 April 1998; SC Resolution 1329, 30 November 2000; SC Resolution 1411, 17 May 2002; SC Resolution 1431, 14 August 2002.
  • Updated Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia.
    Consolidated version prepared by Equipo Nizkor. The current edition includes successive amendments up to 14 August 2002: Amended 13 May 1998 by SC Resolution 1166; Amended 30 November 2000 by SC Resolution 1329; Amended 17 May 2002 by SC Resolution 1411; Amended 14 August 2002 by SC Resolution 1431.
  • Principles of International Law Recognized in the Charter of the Nürnberg Tribunal and in the Judgment of the Tribunal.
    Text adopted by the International Law Commission at its second session, in 1950, and submitted to the General Assembly as a part of the Commission's report covering the work of that session. The report, which also contains commentaries on the principles, appears in: ILC Report, A/1316 (A/5/12), 1950, part III, paras. 95-127, Yearbook of the International Law Commission, 1950, vol. II.
  • Full text of the Opinion and Judgment of the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal.
    Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression. United States Government Printing Office. Washington, 1947.
  • Charter of the Nürnberg International Military Tribunal.
    London, August 8, 1945
    Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression. United States Printing Office. Washington, 1946.
  • London Agreement of August 8th 1945
    Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression. United States Printing Office. Washington, 1946.

    ICC Report to the General Assembly in accordance with the provisions of article 6 of the Relationship Agreement between the UN and the ICC.

  • Report of the International Criminal Court.
    General Assembly, Comission of Human Rights, 01Aug05


  • United States Opposition to the ICC

    US attempts to achive bilateral agreements to avoid ICC jurisdiction


    Fichero AudioPresident Bush signs anti-ICC Nethercutt Amendment and sanctions countries that support the ICC.
    Radio Nizkor with the collaboration of the Schell Center for International Human Rights at Yale Law School, 20Dec04 (19m 20ss)
  • Helen of the Hague: The ICC and U.S.- EU differences.
    By Paul Janiczek, National Review Magazine, 07Oct03
  • The U.S. Government and the International Criminal Court.
    By Lincoln P. Bloomfield, Jr., Assistant Secretary for Political-Military Affairs, United Nations, New York, 12Sept03
  • Croatia Leans Toward Immunity for US Troops.
    By Beth Kampschror, CNSNews.com Correspondent, CNS News, 19Aug03
  • U.S. Confronts EU On War Crimes Court; Immunity Pact Issue Threatens Relations.
    By Colum Lynch, Washington Post Staff Writer, Washington, 10Jun03
  • The Wrong Kind of American Exceptionalism.
    By Barbara Crossette, U.N. Wire, U.N. Notebook, August 18, 2003
  • Micronesia about to sign an agreement, thus joining Romania, Israel, East Timor, the Marshall Islands, Afghanistan, Honduras, Uzbekistan, Mauritania, Dominican Republic, Palau and Tajikistan.
    Associated Press, 24Sep02.
  • US Launches Offensive Against ICC.
    By the Women's Caucus for Gender Justice, Aug02.
  • Text of agreement between the US and East Timor.
    Signed August 23, 2002
  • U.S. and Romania sign Article 98 Agreement to protect Americans from surrender to the ICC.
    Press Statement, Philip T. Reeker, Deputy Spokesman, Washington, D.C., August 1, 2002.
  • Coalition for the ICC Memo on Art. 98 of the Rome Statute and the Bilateral Agreements Proposed by US Government.
    NGO Coalition for the International Criminal Court - 23Aug02.
  • Proposed text of Article 98 Agreements with the United States.

    US Legislation in relation with the ICC

  • American Servicemembers' Protection Act - ASPA.
    H.R.4775.ENR, 24Jul02.
    The House and the Senate approved on July 2002 the 'Supplemental Appropriations Act for Further Recovery from the Response to Terrorist Attacks on the United States', which contains the American Servicemembers' Protection Act (ASPA) prohibiting U.S. cooperation with the International Criminal Court.
    On August 2, 2002, President George W. Bush signed H.R. 4775. The American Servicemembers' Protection Act became U.S. law.

  • Chronology of ICC-Related US Legislation.
    Washington Working Group on the ICC, The World Federalist Association USA - Aug02.

    The UN and the US pressure

  • John D. Negroponte, U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations, welcomes SC Resolution granting one-year exemption from ICC for peacekeepers.
    U.S. Mission to the United Nations Official Release. NY, 12Jul02.
  • Security Council Resolution 1422 (2002), shielding UN peacekeepers from prosecution by the International Criminal Court for one year.
    S/RES/1422 (2002). 12Jul02.

    President Bush 'unsigns' the Rome Treaty of the ICC

  • Text of the letter to UN Secretary General from US Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security, John R. Bolton.
    The US notifies the UN the withdrawal of its signature from the ICC treaty. 06May02.
  • Mr. Grossman explains in Washington why president Bush thinks that democracies improve through impunity.
    Remarks to the Center for Strategic and International Studies Washington, DC. May 6, 2002.
  • Statement of US Senator Patrick Leahy on the Bush administration's decision to 'unsign' the rome treaty
    [ENG] Washington, 6may02
  • Excerpt of Secretary of State Colin Powell's interview, in which he talks about the US withdrawal from the ICC.
    Bureau of Public Affairs, U.S. Department of State,05May02
  • The Bush admnistration is ready to announce it will withdraw the signatures on the ICC treaty and the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties.
    05May02.
  • US Weighing New Doctrine for Tribunals.
    By Neil A. Lewis, The New York Times, 21Apr02.

    Other Important Documents

  • The Princeton Principles on Universal Jurisdiction.
    Program in Law and Public Affairs, Princeton University. July 2001.
  • The Pitfalls of Universal Jurisdiction.
    By Henry Kissinger, Foreign Affairs, July / August, 2001
  • A Nuremberg Prosecutor's Response to Henry Kissinger's essay "The Pitfalls of Universal Jurisdiction".
    Benjamin B. Ferencz, 02Jul01.
  • Remarks by Senator Jesse Helms to the United Nations Security Council
    Federal News Service, 20Jan00.
  • "We must slay this monster".
    By Jesse Helms. Financial Times, 31Jul98.

  • Europe and the ICC

    European countries and US "exemption agreements"

  • Conclusions of the Council of the European Union on the ICC.
    Council meeting, External Relations - Brussels, 30 September 2002.
  • European Parliament Resolution on the ICC regretting UN Security Council Res. 1422 and asking Member States not to sign bilateral agreements with the US.
    P5_TA-PROV(2002)0449, 26Sep02.
  • Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe considers that the "exemption agreements" are not admissible under the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties.
    Resolution 1300 (2002)1[1]. 25Sep02.
  • The Commission supports the decision taken by the foreign ministers at Elsinore to develop an EU response on Art.98 that accommodates US concerns without undermining the Rome Statute.
    Speech by The Rt Hon Chris Patten, EU External Relations Commissioner. 25Sep02.
  • Foreign Minister's Statement in the European Parliament on the ICC Following the Informal Meeting of Foreign Ministers.
    25Sep02.
  • Italy and Britain would be ready to sign bilateral deals with Washington.
    Guardian Unlimited, 31Aug02.
  • Deputy German Foreign Minister said that keeping Americans out of ICC trials would erode the tribunal's charter.
    Associated Press - 30Aug02.
  • Switzerland refused to sign immunity pact for US citizens from extradition to the ICC.
    Agence France Presse - 13Aug02
  • EU Concerned Over Romanian Deal With United States on Immunity From International Criminal Court.
    Associated Press - 08Aug02.

    Other EU documents

  • Documents of the Council of the European Union on the ICC.
  • Speech on behalf of the EU by Minister for Justice Lene Espersen at the first General Assembly of The International Criminal Court.
    Danish Presidency of the European Union, 09Sep02.
  • European Parliament resolution on the draft American Servicemembers' Protection Act (ASPA).
    P5_TA-PROV(2002)0367 - 04Jul02.
  • Declaration by the Presidency on behalf of the European Union concerning the entering into force of the Statute for the International Criminal Court.
    Danish Presidency of the European Union, 01Jul02.
  • Council Common Position of 20 June 2002 amending Common Position 2001/443/CFSP on the International Criminal Court (20/06/2002)
    (PDF document).
  • Resolution on the ratification of the Statute of the International Criminal Court
    European Parliament, May 1999

  • Articles

  • War Crimes in the 21st Century.
    By Pierre-Richard Prosper, U.S. Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues, US Department of State, Remarks at Pepperdine University, Malibu, Cal, 26Oct04
  • Articles by Ben Ferencz on the ICC
    Benjamin B. Ferencz is a former Nuremberg Prosecutor
  • Know the Truth About the International Criminal Court.
    By Benjamin B. Ferencz, a prosecutor at the Nuremberg war crimes trials.
  • Interview with Benjamin Ferencz on the ICC: The US government "is doing everything it can to sabotage the principles of Nuremberg." .
    Dutch Netwerk TV, Nederland. 25Jun02.
  • The Pitfalls of Universal Jurisdiction.
    By Henry Kissinger, Foreign Affairs, July / August, 2001
  • A Nuremberg Prosecutor's Response to Henry Kissinger's essay "The Pitfalls of Universal Jurisdiction".
    Benjamin B. Ferencz, 02Jul01.
  • Can aggression be deterred by law?
    Benjamin B. Ferencz
  • The Criminality of Nuclear Deterrence
    Article by Francis A. Boyle, Professor of International Law
  • We must slay this monster
    Jesse Helms
  • The Case for U.S. Support
    LCHR
  • In Focus: International Criminal Court
    Joe Stork, Human Rights Watch
  • Guides

  • Victim's guide to the International Criminal Court
    by RSF, in PDF

  • Press coverage since July 1, 2002

  • Secretary-General's message to the Symposium on the Comparative Study of International Criminal Law and the Rome Statute.
    UN News Service, NY, 15oct03
  • Mr. Luis Moreno Ocampo to become first ICC Prosecutor.
    Statement for the Press by the President of the Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, HRH Prince Zeid Raad Al Hussein, New York 24 March 2003
  • US to Consider EU International Court Exemption Deal.
    Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 01Oct02.
  • Britain, Italy and Spain are now expected to go ahead and make separate agreements with the US.
    The Guardian, 01Oct02.
  • Leaving aside the European Parliament position, Britain, Italy and Spain pushed hard and finally the EU agreed to exempt the US from the ICC.
    By Paul Meller, The New York Times, 01Oct02.
  • Although bilateral agreements undermine the ICC treaty, EU foreign ministers open the way for member states to reach deals with the US.
    The Scotsman, 01Oct02.
  • The European Union says its members are free to negotiate deals with the United States.
    BBC News, 30Sep02.
  • International relations depend on approaching concerns multilaterally.
    By Palitha Dr Kohona, UN Treaty Section Chief - Financial Times, 24Sep02.
  • US ambassador-at-large for war crimes, Pierre Prosper, says the US wants exemptions from War Crimes Court to benefit all its citizens.
    The Independent, 21Sep02
  • The US and Mauritania sign an agreement to deal with cases presumed to fell within the competence of the ICC.
    BBC Monitoring Middle East, 21sep02.
  • US signs 10th ICC immunity deal with Honduras.
    Agence France Presse - 20Sep02.
  • Romanian foreign minister assured Romania would not ratify 'art. 98 agreement' unless a common stand is accepted by the US and the EU sides.
    BBC Monitoring Europe, 20Sep02.
  • EU legal experts agreed on a set of conditions that could eventually allow European governments to sign bilateral deals with Washington.
    BBC News, 04Sep02.
  • US 'threat to cut military assistance is ... targeted primarily at democracies'.
    The Washington Post, 16Aug02.

  • Information Sources

  • The Trial of Charles Taylor
  • International Criminal Court official website. [ENG&FRA]
  • UN Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court.
  • Post-Conference Developments.
  • Coalition for an International Criminal Court
  • Women's Caucus for Gender Justice

  • Links

  • Impunity
  • International Courts
  • ICC Links
  • International Criminal Court Campaign - By Lawyers Committee for Human Rights
  • ICC Info by the American NGOs Coalition for the ICC
  • ICC Info from the Women's Caucus For Gender Justice
  • The Washington Working Group on the International Criminal Court (WICC)
  • USAforICC.org
  • NGO Coalition for an International Criminal Court
  • The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
  • Nigerian Coalition on International Criminal Court



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